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  • Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens had been a fashionable resort since the times of Charles II. In 1732 the gardens reopened to the public after extensive renovations under the proprietership of Jonathan tyers. The entrepreneurial tyers has the gardens embellished with walks, ruins, statues, Chinese pavilions, triumphal arches, and a "Gothik" orchestra, and his continuing program of improvements included several important art commissions, most notably Luis-Fran├žois Roubiliac's celebrated statue of Handel, four patriotic modern history subjects by Francis Hayman, and an extensive sequence of decorative paintings designed for the supper-boxes by Hayman, and an extensive sequence of decorative paintings designed for the supper-boxes by Hayman and William Hogarth. Vauxhall was almost universally popular, despite (or because of it) its reputation for frivolity and moral laxity, and typified the egalitarian nature of British social life of the period. James Boswell, and inveterate commentator on metropolitan life observed: Vauxhall Gardens is peculiarly adapted to the taste of the English nation; there being a mixture of curious show - gay exhibition, musick, vocal and instrumental, not too refined for the general ear; - for all which only shilling paid. And, though last, not least, good eating and drinking for those who wish to purchase the regale. Rowlandson frequently visited Vauxhall, finding there, as his friend Henry Angelo noted, "plenty of employment for his pencil." The subject of his watercolor is the orchestra outside the Rotunda during and evening concert. The concert was one of the few professional ensembles of the period, renowned for the high quality of its playing. Many of the figures can be tentatively identified, including the Prince Regent whispering to the actress "Perdita Robinson, his former lover, shown arm-in-arm with her husband, and, in the foreground, the playwright and dandy Edward Topham peering through his monocle or "quizzing glass" at Georgina, Duchess of Devonshire, and her sister Harriet (see cat. 7).
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  • Alternate title :: Old Vauxhall Gardens (Vauxhall Gardens)
  • Bibliograpic reference :: British Art at Yale, Apollo, v.105, no. 182, April 1977, pp. 280-1, fig. 8, N5220 M552 A7 1977 OVERSIZE (YCBA) , Published as April 1977 issue of Apollo; all of the articles may also be found in bound Apollo Volume [N1 A54 105:2 +]
  • Bibliograpic reference :: Patricia Phagan, Thomas Rowlandson, pleasures and pursuits in Georgian England, Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Poughkeepsie, N.Y. London, 2011, pp. 58-59, no. 1, NJ18 R79 P53 2011 + OVERSIZE (YCBA)
  • Bibliograpic reference :: Simon Schama, Rowlandson in the Round, TLS, the Times Literary Supplement, Issue no. 3963, March 10, 1978, p. 282, Film S748 (SML) , Also available Online in TLS Historical Archive (ORBIS)
  • Bibliograpic reference :: The Cunning Eye of Thomas Rowlandson, Apollo, vol.105,no. 182, April 1977, pp. 280-1, fig. 8, N1 A54 05:2 + (YCBA) , Another copy of this article may be found in a separately bound and catalogued copy of this issue located on the Mellon Shelf [call number : N5220 M552 A7 1977 + (YCBA)]
  • Bibliograpic reference :: The pleasure garden , from Vauxhall to Coney Island, , University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 2013, p. 113, fig. 4.4, SB451.36.G7 P54 2013 (YCBA) , Also available online (ORBIS) [Project Muse]
  • Bibliograpic reference :: The pleasure garden, from Vauxhall to Coney Island, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 2013, p. 113, fig. 4.4, SB451.36.G7 P54 2013 (YCBA)
  • Bibliograpic reference :: Timothy J. Barringer, Art & music in Britain, four encounters, 1730-1900 : [exhibition and label text], [New Haven, 2006, [p. 37], V 1699:1 (YCBA)
  • Bibliograpic reference :: Timothy J. Barringer, Art & music in Britain, four encounters, 1730-1900., Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 2006, pp. 6-7, 12, 3, V 1699 (YCBA)
  • Bibliograpic reference :: Timothy J. Barringer, Art & music in Britain, four encounters, 1730-1900., Yale Center for British Art, [New Haven, 2006, pp. 6-7, 12, 3, V 1699 (YCBA)
  • Dimension height :: 33.5cm
  • Dimension height :: 38.3cm
  • Dimension width :: 47.6cm
  • Dimension width :: 52.5cm
  • Exhibition :: Art and Music in Britain: Four Encounters, 1730-1900
  • Exhibition :: Pleasures and Pastimes
  • Exhibition :: Rowlandson Drawings from the Paul Mellon Collection
  • Exhibition :: The Line of Beauty : British Drawings and Watercolors of the Eighteenth Century
  • Exhibition :: The Pursuit of Happiness - A View of Life in Georgian England
  • Exhibition :: Thomas Rowlandson - Pleasures and Pursuits in Georgian England
  • Exhibition :: Thomas Rowlandson from the Paul Mellon Collection
  • Located in :: New Haven
  • Located in :: Not on view
  • Located in :: YCBA, 222, C 3, R- 7
  • Located in :: Yale Center for British Art
  • Object type :: drawing
  • Object type :: watercolor
  • Subject Concept :: arch
  • Subject Concept :: audience
  • Subject Concept :: balcony
  • Subject Concept :: concert
  • Subject Concept :: costume
  • Subject Concept :: entertainment
  • Subject Concept :: gardens
  • Subject Concept :: genre subject
  • Subject Concept :: leisure
  • Subject Concept :: men
  • Subject Concept :: music
  • Subject Concept :: musical instruments
  • Subject Concept :: musicians
  • Subject Concept :: orchestra
  • Subject Concept :: organ
  • Subject Concept :: park (grounds)
  • Subject Concept :: performance
  • Subject Concept :: pleasure garden
  • Subject Concept :: rotunda (interior space)
  • Subject Concept :: satire
  • Subject Concept :: spectators
  • Subject Concept :: trees
  • Subject Concept :: women
  • Subject Place :: England
  • Subject Place :: Europe
  • Subject Place :: Lambeth
  • Subject Place :: London
  • Subject Place :: Southwark
  • Subject Place :: United Kingdom
  • Subject Place :: Vauxhall Gardens
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  • ...
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  • Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
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?:label
  • Vauxhall Gardens
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