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  • John Robert Cozens returned from his first visit to Italy in the spring of 1779. Three year later made a second Italian tour, this time in the company of his father's pupil, patron, and friend William Beckford. Back in London in 1783, Cozens created finished watercolors for Beckford and other collectors based on sketches from his recent tour but also returning to the more striking and popular of his drawings for the earlier Italian visit. As did many other landscape painters ad draftsmen of the period (one thinks of Richard Wilson with his many repetitions of his paintings of Italy), Cozens produced numerous versions of his more popular compositions. The Lake of Albano and Castel Gandolfo was certainly one of the most popular, known in at least ten variants. The differences in tone and handling of the two versions in the Yale Center for British Art suggest that these watercolors date from different periods in the artist's life and stylistic evolution. Andrew Wilton has suggested that the darker, richer, more densely worked version (cat. 103) [B1977.14.4635] can be associated with Cozens's first visit to Italy, while the lighter, freer handling of cat. 104 [B1977.14.360] reflects the artist's manner of working in the years following his second Italian trip. In both versions the Alban hills are given full weight and solidity by Cozens's technique of building form through the massing of delicate touches of subdued color. While Cozens's technical achievement was considerable and influential, it was also at the service of a sensibility that the great Romantic landscape painter John Constable described as "all poetry." The sense of light and atmosphere, as well as mystery and melancholy, that Cozens created in watercolors such as there se him apart from other contemporaries working in Italy, such as William Pars (cat. 100) [B1977.14.4704] or John "Warwick" Smith (cat. 74) [B1977.14.4383], and provided an important model for a younger generation of watercolorist, which included Thomas Girtin (cat. 143) [B1975.3.1158] and J.M.W. Turner (cat. 144) [B1975.4.1962].
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  • Bibliograpic reference ::
  • Bibliograpic reference :: Papermaking and the art of watercolor in eighteenth-century Britain, Paul Sandby and the Whatman Paper Mill, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, 2006, pp. 12, 13, figs. 8 and 9, NJ18.Sa56 A15 V5 2006 (YCBA)
  • Bibliograpic reference :: The English prize, the capture of the Westmorland, an episode of the grand tour, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2012, pp. 122, 123, fig. 78, N9135 .E54 2012 + OVERSIZE (YCBA)
  • Dimension height :: 43.2cm
  • Dimension width :: 61.9cm
  • Exhibition :: Classic Ground - British Artists and the Landscape of Italy, 1740-1830
  • Exhibition :: English Landscape (Paul Mellon Collection) 1630-1850
  • Exhibition :: Papermaking and The Art of Watercolor in Eighteenth-Century Britain: Paul Sandby's "View of…Mr. Whatman's Turkey Mill"
  • Exhibition :: The Art of Alexander and John Robert Cozens
  • Exhibition :: The Critique of Reason : Romantic Art, 1760–1860
  • Exhibition :: The Line of Beauty : British Drawings and Watercolors of the Eighteenth Century
  • Located in :: New Haven
  • Located in :: Not on view
  • Located in :: YCBA, 222, C 5, C- 2
  • Located in :: Yale Center for British Art
  • Object type :: drawing
  • Object type :: watercolor
  • Subject Concept :: castles
  • Subject Concept :: goats
  • Subject Concept :: hills
  • Subject Concept :: landscape
  • Subject Concept :: shepherds
  • Subject Concept :: trees
  • Subject Event :: Grand Tour
  • Subject Place :: Albano, Lago
  • Subject Place :: Campagna
  • Subject Place :: Castel Gandolfo
  • Subject Place :: Italy
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  • ...
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  • Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
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?:label
  • The Lake of Albano and Castel Gandolfo
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