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  • Eighteenth-century popes used Castel Gandolfo as an occasional retreat from Rome, mainly in the spring and autumn. Cozens’s view of Lake Albano is taken from the Galleria di Sopra and captures the landscape at dusk, the papal villa silhouetted dramatically against the twilit sky. To the left, a solitary goatherd drives his flock home along the Galleria before darkness falls. To British Grand Tourists, this view evoked the very beginnings of Rome, in that Castel Gandolfo was believed to occupy the site of Alba Longa, the birthplace of Romulus and Remus (Northall, 1766, p. 378). When Thomas Jones visited in 1776 and walked from Castel Gandolfo to Lake Nemi nearby, he admired the landscape in eulogistic terms: “This walk considered with respect to its classick locality, the Awful marks of the most tremendous Convulsions of nature in the remotest Ages, the antient and modern Specimens of Art, and the various extensive & delightful prospects it commands is, to the Scholar, naturalist, Antiquarian and Artist, without doubt, the most pleasing and interesting in the Whole World” (Jones, “Memoirs”, p. 55). That this region held such an array of cultural associations explains the exceptional popularity of the design; there are at least eleven surviving versions of this watercolor from Cozens’s hand, each one slightly different in atmosphere and mood. In this example the mood is pastoral and the inclusion of the goatherd evokes the landscapes of Claude or the poetry of Virgil’s Eclogues. At the same time his archaic presence hints at what Protestant Englanders saw as the unenlightened and backward state of modern papal Rome. Surveying the decayed and uncultivated state of the Roman suburbs, compared to supposed English prosperity, William Beckford concluded they proved “how completely the papal government contrives to make its subjects miserable” (Beckford, “Dreams”, p. 190).
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  • Eighteenth-century popes used Castel Gandolfo as an occasional retreat from Rome, mainly in the spring and autumn. Cozens’s view of Lake Albano is taken from the Galleria di Sopra and captures the landscape at dusk, the papal villa silhouetted dramatically against the twilit sky. To the left, a solitary goatherd drives his flock home along the Galleria before darkness falls. To British Grand Tourists, this view evoked the very beginnings of Rome, in that Castel Gandolfo was believed to occupy the site of Alba Longa, the birthplace of Romulus and Remus (Northall, 1766, p. 378). When Thomas Jones visited in 1776 and walked from Castel Gandolfo to Lake Nemi nearby, he admired the landscape in eulogistic terms: “This walk considered with respect to its classick locality, the Awful marks of the most tremendous Convulsions of nature in the remotest Ages, the antient and modern Specimens of Art, and the various extensive & delightful prospects it commands is, to the Scholar, naturalist, Antiquarian and Artist, without doubt, the most pleasing and interesting in the Whole World” (Jones, “Memoirs”, p. 55). That this region held such an array of cultural associations explains the exceptional popularity of the design; there are at least eleven surviving versions of this watercolor from Cozens’s hand, each one slightly different in atmosphere and mood. In this example the mood is pastoral and the inclusion of the goatherd evokes the landscapes of Claude or the poetry of Virgil’s Eclogues. At the same time his archaic presence hints at what Protestant Englanders saw as the unenlightened and backward state of modern papal Rome. Surveying the decayed and uncultivated state of the Roman suburbs, compared to supposed English prosperity, William Beckford concluded they proved “how completely the papal government contrives to make its subjects miserable” (Beckford, “Dreams”, p. 190).
  • Eighteenth-century popes used Castel Gandolfo as an occasional retreat from Rome, mainly in the spring and autumn. Cozens’s view of Lake Albano is taken from the Galleria di Sopra and captures the landscape at dusk, the papal villa silhouetted dramatically against the twilit sky. To the left, a solitary goatherd drives his flock home along the Galleria before darkness falls. To British Grand Tourists, this view evoked the very beginnings of Rome, in that Castel Gandolfo was believed to occupy the site of Alba Longa, the birthplace of Romulus and Remus (Northall, 1766, p. 378). When Thomas Jones visited in 1776 and walked from Castel Gandolfo to Lake Nemi nearby, he admired the landscape in eulogistic terms: “This walk considered with respect to its classick locality, the Awful marks of the most tremendous Convulsions of nature in the remotest Ages, the antient and modern Specimens of Art, and the various extensive & delightful prospects it commands is, to the Scholar, naturalist, Antiquarian and Artist, without doubt, the most pleasing and interesting in the Whole World” (Jones, “Memoirs”, p. 55). That this region held such an array of cultural associations explains the exceptional popularity of the design; there are at least eleven surviving versions of this watercolor from Cozens’s hand, each one slightly different in atmosphere and mood. In this example the mood is pastoral and the inclusion of the goatherd evokes the landscapes of Claude or the poetry of Virgil’s Eclogues. At the same time his archaic presence hints at what Protestant Englanders saw as the unenlightened and backward state of modern papal Rome. Surveying the decayed and uncultivated state of the Roman suburbs, compared to supposed English prosperity, William Beckford concluded they proved “how completely the papal government contrives to make its subjects miserable” (Beckford,” Dreams”, p. 190).
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  • Bibliograpic reference ::
  • Bibliograpic reference :: David Bindman, The History of British Art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 2008, pp.12-13 (v. 2), fig. 143, N6761 +H57 2008 Oversize (YCBA)
  • Bibliograpic reference :: David Bindman, The History of British Art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, Conn., 2008, pp.12-13 (v. 2), fig. 143, N6761 H57 2008 + Oversize (YCBA)
  • Bibliograpic reference :: John Baskett, Paul Mellon's legacy, a passion for British art : masterpieces from the Yale Center for British Art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, 2007, p. 271, no. 61, pl. 61, N5220 M552 P38 2007 OVERSIZE (YCBA)
  • Bibliograpic reference :: John Northall, Travels through Italy, Containing new and curious observations on that country; particularly the Grand Duchy of Tuscany; the ecclesiastical state, S. Hooper, London, 1766, p. 378, Available online in Orbis
  • Bibliograpic reference :: Prof. David Bindman, The History of British art, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, Conn., 2008, pp.12-13 (v. 2), fig. 143, N6761 H57 2008 + Oversize (YCBA)
  • Bibliograpic reference :: Richard Wilson and the transformation of European landscape painting, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2014, p. 309, Cat. No. 133, NJ18.W72 R53 2014 OVERSIZE (YCBA)
  • Bibliograpic reference :: The English prize, the capture of the Westmorland, an episode of the grand tour, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2012, pp. 122, 123, fig. 78, N9135 .E54 2012 + OVERSIZE (YCBA)
  • Bibliograpic reference :: Todd Longstaffe-Gowan, Mapping a National Style, topography & landscape at the Yale Center for British Art, Apollo, v. 165, no. 542, April, 2007, p. 58, fig. 8, N1 A54 + (YCBA)
  • Dimension height :: 44.5cm
  • Dimension width :: 63.8cm
  • Exhibition :: An American's Passion for British Art - Paul Mellon's Legacy
  • Exhibition :: English Landscape (Paul Mellon Collection) 1630-1850
  • Exhibition :: Paul Mellon's Legacy : A Passion for British Art
  • Exhibition :: Richard Wilson and the Transformation of European Landscape Painting
  • Exhibition :: The Art of Alexander and John Robert Cozens
  • Exhibition :: The Line of Beauty : British Drawings and Watercolors of the Eighteenth Century
  • Exhibition :: Works of Splendor and Imagination - The Exhibition Watercolor 1770-1870
  • Located in :: New Haven
  • Located in :: Not on view
  • Located in :: YCBA, 222, C 5, C- 2
  • Located in :: Yale Center for British Art
  • Object type :: drawing
  • Object type :: watercolor
  • Subject Concept :: castle
  • Subject Concept :: cattle
  • Subject Concept :: dusk
  • Subject Concept :: hills
  • Subject Concept :: lake
  • Subject Concept :: landscape
  • Subject Concept :: sheep
  • Subject Concept :: shepherds
  • Subject Concept :: trees
  • Subject Event :: Grand Tour
  • Subject Place :: Albano, Lago
  • Subject Place :: Campagna
  • Subject Place :: Castel Gandolfo
  • Subject Place :: Italy
  • Subject Place :: Lazio
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  • ...
?:PX_has_credit_line
  • Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
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?:label
  • The Lake of Albano and Castle Gandolfo
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