• This drawing is part of a set of designs for Whitton Place, Middlesex, a villa begun in 1731 by Roger Morris (see drawings B1977.14.1138–44). In 1722, Archibald Campbell, first Earl of Ilay, later third Duke of Argyll, acquired forty acres of Crown land at Whitton, a hamlet about eight miles west of London. An experienced gardener, Ilay cultivated the land with exotic trees and plants. He and his brother John, second Duke of Argyll, were active builders from 1714 and often turned to James Gibbs for their commissions, including the greenhouse and folly at Whitton. Rather than the Tory Gibbs, however, Ilay commissioned the Whig architect Roger Morris. The small house was built on a forty-five-foot square plan with small single-bay projections on each of the four walls. Contemporary reports describe the first floor as decorated in chinoiserie and the ground floor as a museum of curiosities. William Chambers lived at Whitton Place later in the century. The building was demolished in the mid-nineteenth century. The elevation is a variant design for the court front, part of a set with drawing B1977.14.1137 and showing a design that corresponds with plans and other elevations for Whitton Place in the collection. The elevation shows a “Second” design for the court front, having a parapet over each end bay and round-headed windows framed by columns at the ends of the principal floor. The curving covered passages shown in plan on drawing B1977.14.1142 are revealed here in elevation as arcaded loggias. The three-bay, two story pavilions contain servants’ lodgings and domestic offices. Towers rising behind the pavilions, as well as the cupola crowning the house’s hipped roof, offer views of the Earl of Ilay’s splendid gardens.
  • Dimension height :: 30.2cm
  • Dimension width :: 46.2cm
  • Located in :: Not on view
  • Located in :: YCBA, 222, C 83, Sh- 2
  • Located in :: Yale Center for British Art
  • Object type :: drawing
  • Object type :: watercolor
  • Subject Concept :: architectural subject
  • Subject Concept :: country house
  • Subject Concept :: exterior view
  • Subject Place :: England
  • Subject Place :: Europe
  • Subject Place :: Middlesex
  • Subject Place :: United Kingdom
  • ...
  • Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection
  • Whitton House, Middlesex: Elevation of the Court Front